Bariatric surgery is a lifesaving for many people as it takes off extra pounds that massively hurt them and their health. However, it is not beneficial and right for everyone who is required to make weight loss. And we would always suggest you have a detailed talk with your doctor before going under the needle.
Pros and Cons Of Bariatric Surgery
Since early time, many weight-loss surgeries have risen in recent time. There are majorly three kinds of bariatric surgery such as:
- Roux-en Y gastric bypass
- Gastric banding
- Gastric sleeves
Each of the above listed has its pros and cons, which are explained in details in this article:
Gastric Bypass Surgery
This surgery was developed in the 1960s. This surgery has a procedure in which the stomach is split into two. The first stomach is the one that collects food and is directly connected to the abdominal part, which is the lower part of the small intestine.
The function of the 2nd stomach is to create digestive fluids like saliva and lipid fluids which pass to the small intestine that help in the digestion of food. After this surgery, one feels to have a fuller stomach faster when compared to his history.
As a part of the surgery a small part of digestive systems is taken out, hence a little amount of calories is then received from the food.
It is a type of bariatric surgery which is the fastest, which means it does not take much of your time and provides the most dramatic results. In the six months, the person who undergoes bariatric surgery loses 50% of their weight loss plan.
This rapid weight loss comes with a rapid recovery from multiple weight-related afflictions like sleeplessness, diabetes, high blood pressure, and etcetera. The result of this procedure tends to have a long-lasting effect.
The food moves through our digestive tract quick as most of it is cut out. A person undergoes risk of not absorbing adequate amounts of nutrients. However, the calories absorbed by the body are low; it also means that calcium, potassium, iron and many other vitamins are not absorbed from the food.
People who undergo such a procedure are required to take supplements every day for their lack of nutrients. They also take special care of the calories so that they can exercise daily in a safe manner.
The gastric banding is a type of surgery in which the inflatable band is placed near your stomach that creates two parts of the stomach, that is the small upper stomach and the lower larger stomach.
The upper abdomen, which is small, slowly passes the food through small channels into the newly formed lower stomach. This makes people have a feeling of getting full faster, which makes them eat less.
It is a temporary surgery, unlike the gastric bypass which is a permanent one. You can always decide to go back and remove the band. Moreover, it is a comparatively simple surgery. Also, when compared to other processes, this surgery is a lot safer, and the recovery in this surgery is at a faster rate.
Furthermore, there can always be customization in the gastric bands. It can be easily loosened or tightened with the facilitated injections or by removing saline from the gastric bands. But these procedures of adjustment are only to be followed by a doctor.
The weight loss through this surgery takes a longer time as the gastric bands take a little more time to blend in the body. This means that your weight-related diseases or afflictions can remain for a long time after the surgery. There is a significant chance of risk that is newly reported to this surgery.
The other major disadvantage of this surgery is that the band may leak or slip down, which can cause an enormous amount of pain. This complication can only be taken care of from further surgery.
This bariatric surgery is also known as gastric sleeve or sleeve gastrectomy. This needle surgery involves the removal of approximately 3/4 of the stomach.
The one that remains is reassembled as a sleeve which is then connected to the small intestine and the oesophagus.
This kind of bariatric surgery is right for patients who have higher risks from getting into the surgery. As in this surgery, there is no involvement of restrictive external devices. Like is gastric banding. So there is no evolution of more significant complications due to slip or infections in the body.
In sleeve gastrectomy, the person is bound to lose weight than the gastric bands. Typically a person loses 30% to 50% of their weight in the first six months. Their final weight is achieved in upto two years. For those who are extreme obese it is essential to follow this surgery after gastric bypass.
As it can be dangerous for the person directly but sleeve gastrectomy the doors for gastric bypass can be opened to the patients.
Firstly, unlike gastric banding, the process of gastric sleeve is irreversible. As part of the stomach is completely removed, this surgery cannot be reversed or undone. In this procedure, the stomach is stapled to the place where it is cut.
These staples often cause leakage, which ultimately creates a lot of health problems and infections in the body. Although this surgery is not reversible, even the weight gain possibility is not nullified by the process as there are chances of gaining weight again.
After going through this process, the actual nature of the stomach is stretched, but this thing does not change after surgery. Also, with bad dietary decisions, one can make their stomach stretch back to its original form.
This was a guide to help you understand the pros and cons of the biatric surgery.
There are a lot of things that you might have a doubt on and the surgeon can clear it to the core. Get in touch with your surgeon today and clear all your doubts before you plan out for one.